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…A young child born deaf in an indigenous North American nation grew up nearly always being able to communicate with her community. She would not be physically segregated. The expectation would be that if she survived the vagaries of life to which all were exposed, she could find and enjoy a partner, and she would eventually grow old as a treasured elder who tickled and guided the children around her. If all were in balance, she would find her gift—perhaps weaving, perhaps gathering particularly delicious herbs—and share that with her community, who would then share their gifts with her. A successful healing ceremony, if one was needed, would balance and resolve whatever unease might have existed—but certainly no one would expect the young girl to hear, for such a result was unnecessary.

Nearly every indigenous-language group used signed communication to some degree, and many nations shared singed languages despite their verbal difference. Europeans documented use of signed language among North American indigenous peoples as early as the sixteenth century, and anthropologists and linguists agree that it was employed long before contact with Europeans. Signed language has been identified within at least forty different language groups. Today, we know about indigenous signed languages because of its continued use by some elders, the anthropological work of scholars such as the Smithsonian’s Garrick Mallery in the late nineteenth century, films made by Hugh L. Scott in 1930 at the Indian Sign Language Council, and the tenacious scholarship and activism of contemporary linguists such as Jeffery E. Davis.

The most widely used signed language spread across an extensive region of the Great Plains, from Canada’s North Saskatchewan River to the Rio Grande, from the Rocky Mountain foothills to the Mississippi-Missouri valley. What is now referred to as Plains Indian Sign Language (PISL) enabled communication across communities regarding trade, in critical political negotiations, and even in courtship. Great Plains used this “signed lingua franca” as Davis has characterized it, within their communities as an alternative to spoken language for ritual or storytelling purposes—and of course as a primary language for deaf people and those around them.

- A Disability History of America by Kim E. Nielsen, page 4 and 5 (via theaubisticagenda)


men: i’m not a ‘misogynist’ wtf it’s not like i hit women myself i just laugh when it happens, damn

· misogyny · true ·

ekat kolme kommenttia tästä paljon huomiota saaneesta yhteiskuvasta, loput tän natsin omasta facebookista, kaikki julkisesti luettavissa

mutta hei, kyllä poliisi tietää: ennakkoluulot toimivat molempiin suuntiin ja molempien osalta on parannettavaa :)))) #notallnazis

· suomi · finland · finnish · acab · rasismi · racism · nazism ·

nazi: if you were anyone else with that skin colour, i’d beat you up, but you’re famous and my daughter likes you, so it’s ok [continues spewing racist shit on his facebook wall]

60 000 people on facebook: so inspirational! the world would truly be a better place if we all were a little more like that nazi :’)

i hate facebook ugh why are people sharing that story about this finnish black artist and a nazi skinhead taking a photo together because the nazi had a daughter who is his fan. why is everyone like ~this gives me so much hope, see, we can all get along if we are a little more open-minded and less prejudiced on both sides~

that man is still a literal nazi??????? his facebook wall is full of racist rhetoric and he literally writes that he and his friends are going to “put an end to immigrant violence”??????

this is not a cute story just because he makes an exception for one famous guy his white daughter happens to admire

my paternal grandmother’s family ended up in närpes during the war even though karelian refugees were not supposed to be relocated in swedish-speaking areas, but apparently it worked out okay (at least they didn’t have any xenophobic slurs thrown at them, unlike in finnish-speaking areas, or if they did, they didn’t understand them?) and despite not having a common language, the family who gave them accommodation still visited my great-grandparents decades later.

i tried to google a thing and ??????

· närpiö · närpes · suomi · finland ·


sorry i’m late, professor. im disenchanted with the human experience and waking up every morning thrusts me into an instant existential crisis


is he… you know………….straight? not that theres; anything wrong with that i was just asking.. some of my friends are sstraight so im pretty accepting of people like that.Maybe he and i could play foortball toegther, or something Straights like ot do! :)

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